BOSTON (CBS) – Each summer, the department of Public Health reports on cases of two dangerous and even deadly mosquito-borne illnesses, Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile Virus.
 (Photo by Victor Fraile/Getty Images)

(Photo by Victor Fraile/Getty Images)

Avoid Mosquito Bites

Apply Insect Repellent when Outdoors — Use a repellent with DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide), permethrin, picaridin (KBR 3023), oil of lemon eucalyptus [p-methane 3, 8-diol (PMD)] or IR3535 according to the instructions on the product label. DEET products should not be used on infants under two months of age and should be used in concentrations of 30% or less on older children. Oil of lemon eucalyptus should not be used on children under three years of age.

Be Aware of Peak Mosquito Hours— The hours from dusk to dawn are peak biting times for many mosquitoes. Consider rescheduling outdoor activities that occur during evening or early morning.

Clothing Can Help Reduce Mosquito Bites — Wearing long-sleeves, long pants and socks when outdoors will help keep mosquitoes away from your skin.

swarm of mosquitoes (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

Mosquito-Proof Your Home

Drain Standing Water — Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water. Limit the number of places around your home for mosquitoes to breed by either draining or discarding items that hold water. Check rain gutters and drains. Empty any unused flowerpots and wading pools, and change water in birdbaths frequently.

Install or Repair Screens — Keep mosquitoes outside by having tightly-fitting screens on all of your windows and doors.
More information is available on the DPH website. Information about WNV and Eastern Equine Encephalitis is also available by calling the DPH recorded information line at 1-866-MASS-WNV (1-866-627-7968), or the Epidemiology Program at 617-983-6800.


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